Suspension y Privacion de la Patria Potestad

SUSPENSION Y PRIVACION DE LA PATRIA POTESTAD

 

 

En circunstancias específicas, se puede entablar una demanda para pedir la suspensión o privación de la patria potestad del padre que haya incurrido en ciertas causales que estipula el Código Civil.

 

La suspensión es temporal y se puede solicitar ante el juez invocando ciertas causales que especifica el Código civil.

 

La privación es indefinida, y las causales para privar a un padre  de la patria potestad son menos pero se refieren a faltas mas graves.

 

El juez, según la causal que se pruebe, determinará si suspende o priva al padre de este derecho.

 

Causales Para Suspender

 

La ley estima que la patria potestad puede suspendérsele a un padre cuando sucede alguno de estos hechos:

 

-Demencia

-Ausencia prolongada

-Condición de entredicho para administrar sus propios bienes

-Maltrato habitual del Hijo

-Abandono del Hijo

-Depravación que lo incapacite para ejercer la patria potestad

-Condena a pena privativa de la libertad superior a un año

-Vagancia o mendicidad habituales del menor, en caso de que los padres no hagan lo necesario para impedirlo

-Dictamen de un juez por considerarlo conveniente para la salud del menor, o para evitarle grave peligro físico y moral.

 

 

Causales Para Privar de la Patria Potestad

 

Cuando alguno de los padres incurre  en alguna de las siguientes causales, se le podrá demandar para que el juez lo prive del derecho  de la patria potestad. Estas son las razones para privar  del mencionado derecho:

 

-Maltrato habitual del hijo, hasta poner en peligro su vida o causarle grave daño.

-Condena del padre o los padres a pena de prisión superior a un año

-Abandono del hijo

-Depravación del padre que lo incapacite para ejercer la patria potestad.

 

Proceso de Suspensión o Privación de la Patria Potestad

 

Cualquier consanguíneo del menor llámese abuelo, tío padres, primos etc, pueden iniciar el proceso de suspensión o privación, oficiosamente lo puede hacer el juez de familia e incluso hasta el defensor de familia puede iniciar la acción.

 

Según las causales del derecho de patria potestad que ejerce un padre sobre su hijo.

 

Tramite:

 

La persona interesada debe contratar los servicios de un abogado para que lo represente, o en su defecto acudir donde el defensor de familia para que este lo inicie.

 

Al referirnos a persona interesada nos referimos a los familiares del menor.

 

En la demanda se deben citar a diferentes personas en calidad de testigos para que ilustren al juez sobre el comportamiento del padre en relación con la causal que se desea probar.

 

Consecuencias de la privación

 

-Los derechos que confiere la patria potestad se suspenden, es decir los padres no pueden administrar ni usufructuar los bienes del menor, como tampoco pueden representarlo judicial ni extrajudicialmente, mientras se esté suspendido este derecho.

 

-El otro padre ejercerá solo, hasta que se le restablezca el derecho al padre que le fue suspendido la patria potestad.

 

-En el evento que a ambos padres se les suspenda la patria potestad, al menor se le nombrará un guardador.

 

-A pesar de la suspensión de este derecho, los padres continúan ejerciendo sus deberes como padres, es decir deben suministrar alimentos a sus hijos.

 

-Al padre a quien se le suspende este derecho puede restituírsele si comprueba que las circunstancias que originaron esa suspensión cambiaron.

 

Efectos de la Privación

 

 

-Cuando al padre se le priva de la patria potestad, no tiene derecho a que le sea restituida.

 

-Si ambos padres fueron privados del derecho, al menor se le debe nombrar un guardador hasta que cumpla la mayoría de edad.

 

-Si sólo a uno de los padres se le suspendió este derecho, el otro seguirá ejerciendo la patria potestad individualmente.

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Buen día 

Mi duda es la siguiente, tengo un hijo de 3 años y 5 meses, el padre se fue y no responde por el desde que tiene 4 meses cuando mi hijo cumplió dos años volvió pero desde ahí lo único que aporto fue una cuota de un mes después de 4 meses se volvió a desaparecer aparece de vez en cuando para decir que va a pelear por el o que va a consignar la pensión alimentaria pero no es así, si sumamos el tiempo de abandono de mi hijo por parte de ese hombre es de 2 años y 9 meses, he leído y por abandono puedo quitarle la patria de potestad pero no tengo claro cuánto tiempo corresponde para determinar abandono, mi hijo no recuerda a su padre no es consciente de ello , actualmente tengo esposo y a el es quien mi hijo ve como padre, no sé cómo quitarle la patria de potestad o cuánto tiempo tengo que esperar para que el señor se digne a responder por su hijo.

Por favor si pueden colaborarme lo agradezco 

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Buenas noches, estoy en un proceso de privacion de patria potestad con derensora de familia icbf, la niña es mi sobrina en segundo grado fue abandonada por la mama y el papa esta en la carcel, de hecho no conoce la niña, ya la niña tiene 5 años, pero mi deseo es adptarla para que reciba los beneficios como hija propia, me puedes orientar cual es paso que sigue despues que se le prive la patria potestad a la mama?

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